Gwen Preston: Headlines change but themes persist

October 1, 2019

These are such headline-driven days. Stock markets dropped yesterday when news broke of the Democrat’s move to start impeachment proceedings against President Trump. Then they rebounded this morning when the transcript of Trump’s Ukraine call was released and turned out less damning than some had expected. Gold did the opposite, gaining yesterday and then falling today.

Someone asked me whether today’s trading action in gold was concerning. Short answer: no.

First of all, these are headline-driven days. Stocks, bonds, gold, oil – they all jump and dive on the news cycle. However, the vast majority of those moves are fairly small in context. I saw one headline: “S&P 500 drops the most in a month on Trump impeachment concerns.” The most in a month? Is that really worth noting?

Gold’s slide today is similar. It too likely dropped the most in a month, but that dramatization misses two key points:

1. Gold is up 17% since early July. Setbacks of 1.6% happen when a gain like that consolidates, especially when you’re talking about a price that reacts to so many influences.

2. Gold bounced decisively at $1500 per oz. and stayed above. That helps maintain a chart that looks technically strong.

Headlines do matter, but the details that spark reactions one day fade quickly. What matters are the themes. 

And those themes remain:

A trade war with no end in sight. I know comments have been more positive of late but I still think it very unlikely that we’ll get a deal anytime soon, which means this very significant drag on global growth will continue.

Macro indicators have been turning down all year. The last time we saw this pattern was 2015 and it preceded recessions in several emerging markets and a Chinese stock market crash. And the global economy is much less stable today than it was then.

Uncertainty. The EU is truly on the edge of recession (the Flash Eurozone Composite PMI reading, which combines manufacturing and services, was 50.4 for September, barely above the 50 mark that signals contraction; manufacturing is already in contraction). The trade war drags on. Central banks around the world are cutting rates; several are already injecting stimulus. China is struggling to keep its currency stable (to keep trading partners happy) while managing an ongoing debt crisis.

A messed up bond market. With a quarter of investment grade bonds bearing negative yields, the safe haven trade truly is different this time. Large pools of money that have long relied on bonds for reliable returns are being forced to look elsewhere. Stocks worked for several years but now, based on the three points above, risks are rising.

More and more, I think an important theme (that brings all of these together) is the self-fulfilling nature of recessionary fears. Crescat Capital summed this idea up nicely in a recent letter called Necessary, Normal, and Inevitable, in which they predict a recession is imminent partly because investors increasingly think one is around the corner, as well as because evidence is piling up.

Gold is an answer for all of these themes. That’s why the chart looks so strong. And that’s why I don’t stress when the news cycle sends the yellow metal down on a particular day.

I’ve gone through the gold equities argument many times. In short: gold bull markets start with the metal itself. As the price of gold gains, gold producers start to move; they offer leverage to the gains in price (they make more money, assuming fairly fixed costs) and they are large, liquid stocks.

It’s only after that is well and truly established (a point we’re not even quite at yet) that money starts to really rotate down into more speculative stocks.

In fact, even though gold majors have seen very nice gains in this market already (50 to 100%), fund flows into such stocks have remained pretty limited. This chart from Haywood captures things nicely.

The golden line is the price of gold, the blue line is funds flowing into gold-backed ETFs, and the black line is funds flowing into the main ETF of gold mining stocks, the GDX. The divergence is just slightly apparent.

It means there is lots of room for equities to gain once generalist investors decide this market is real and they want to participate.

About Gwen Preston

Gwen Preston is a renowned expert in the field of mining. She spent years as a mining journalist giving her a deep base of knowledge and a broad network of contacts. She understands which projects and pieces of news matter. 

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MiningIR hosts a variety of articles from a range of sources. Our content, while interesting, should not be considered as formal financial advice. Always seek professional guidance and consult a range of sources before investing.
James Hyland, MiningIR